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What is the history behind volcanoes?


 


What is the history behind volcanoes?

ancient ideas about volcanoes


  Thera is not the only mountain from which smoke and lava emanates. There are many such islands in the north of Sicily located in the Mediterranean. One of them is the island of Lipuri, which, just like Thera, is made up of cooled lava stones from the ocean's trough. Be . Wulcanhoe Island is located to the south of Lipuri Island and there is always smoke and flames coming out of the mountains. Like other such mountains, there is also a big pit-like pit at its mouth. This type of pit is called 'crater' which in Latin means 'cup'. Sometimes the crater is filled with lava and then one of its streams starts flowing down the slope of the hill. 


What did ancient people believe about volcanoes?

In 1890, the last active outburst of lava was seen on Mount Wulcanhoe. We do not know the reason behind this, but the ancient Italians and Romans were very much influenced by this island. The god of fire was very important in ancient legends, so the Italians named this god 'Vulcan'. No one knows for sure whether this volcanic island was named after the deity or whether the deity was named after the island.



 STROMBOLI VOLCANO IN THE LIPARI ISLANDS Stromboli Volcano on the island of Lipari, the Romans later found Vulcan to be exactly the same as the Greek god Huhphestus. Huhfestas was the god of the smithy where he made various things out of hot metals. Huhfestas and Vulcan are depicted as a blacksmith who makes exquisite tools and jewelry from a hot furnace of red-hued gold, silver, copper, brass and iron.


Can ancient volcanoes erupt?


 It would be natural to think that the smithy of such a deity should be situated inside some hot and smoky mountain. Maybe it is located on the Vulcan Islands. The heat and smoke emanating from the top of the hill is coming out of the furnace of Vulcan's smithy. And when the business of Vulcan is at its peak, then the fire of the furnace may become very fierce. With that the stones inside the mountain should melt and the lava started flowing from the mouth of the mountain. In this way the name of Vulcan and this island was associated with such mountains forever. Even today, we call the mountains spewing fire and smoke 'Vulcano' or Volcano. According to the belief of ancient people, supernatural inside volcanoes


 Creatures lived and it is no wonder. The fire, lava and the terrible earthquake that came after the explosion in these volcanoes could only be created by any divine power. In ancient times, the people of Israel were also afraid of volcanoes. It is described in the scripture Bible that after the Israelites left Egypt, they came to Mount Sinai where Moses received orders from God. According to the Bible: 'In the morning... on the third day the clouds roared very loudly and lightning flashed, and a dark cloud covered the mountain... After that Mount Sinai was covered in smoke... and then the mountain trembled loudly. It would be difficult to ascertain the exact location of Mount Sinai from the biblical description. But it may be a volcanic mountain and according to ancient Israelites some divine power of God must have resided in that hill. It is not that the gods and goddesses associated with volcanoes are always very merciful or great splendid creators of the universe. Among them were also many very unlucky, harmful and evil creatures. The tallest and most active volcano known to the Greeks was Mount Etna. It was located in the north-east of Sicily. It was located only forty-five miles south of Mount Vulcan and was about two miles high. Mount Etna has erupted about 140 times since ancient Greece. The last time it erupted was in 1971. In ancient times, some people attributed the activity of Mount Etna to a fierce battle between demons, giant creatures and Zeus. He wrote many stories on it. In it there was a demon named Insaludus, he was the most fierce and savage among the demons. Goddess Adhinu killed him by throwing a big stone at him. He got buried under that stone and because of that the island of Sicily was also flattened. Insaludus was always buried under the weight of that heavy island. The place where Insuludus is imprisoned today is under Mount Etna. Because he was immortal so he lived and when he groaned the mountain trembled. And when he turned around in preparation for his escape, lava would start pouring out from the mouth of the hill and the ground would tremble due to earthquakes. Scientific thinkers in Greece found it absurd to talk about the existence of gods and goddesses or demons under volcanoes. He started searching for the logical reasons behind them.


  Philosopher Aristotle (384–322 BC) thought that there were regions of air imprisoned somewhere beneath the Earth's crust. They are very hot and they are always trying to come out from the depths to the surface. Sometimes this air moves from one cellar to another. This causes vibrations and earthquakes. Their heat produces lava which flows down the hill.


 A Greek geographer Straboh (63 BC - after 19 AD) agreed with Aristotle about this. They also felt the volcano like a 'safety-valve' so that the heat inside could come out and it could cool the air inside the earth. Due to not getting such an opportunity, the violent wind should not shake the earth.




The truth is that just by looking at the volcanoes, people think that there is a very hot area under the surface of the earth. Some even began to believe that there was a fire zone beneath the surface of the earth and that all the rebels of God were punished there. The ancient Greeks believed that the souls of dead humans resided in the hazy kingdom called Heidis. The Hygid was thought to be located in the Atlantic Ocean west of Greece. Here these souls would spend their lives in poverty but they did not have to face any punishment. The Greeks believed that in the very depths of the earth there is another place called Tartarus where sinners are constantly persecuted for their mistakes in different ways. The ancient Israelites believed that the dead spirits resided in the underground in Sheol. Sheol was exactly like the Hades of the Greeks. But with the passage of time Jewish thinkers became aware of Greek beliefs and then Sheol gradually turned into Tartarus. Today we call it hell or 'hell'. By the time the New Testament, the scripture of Christians, imagined hell inside a large volcano. Lava streams emerge from 2 volcanoes, which glow with heat. And it looks like they are on fire. Volcanoes emit clouds of gas that are made up of materials found very deep in the Earth. Along with this, abundant steam and carbon dioxide were also released. But because they do not have any special smell, people used to ignore them. There is sulfur in the earth's crust and this sulfur combines with oxygen to form sulfur dioxide gas, the smell of which makes people very suffocated. The old name for sulfur is 'brimstone' hence the smell of sulfur dioxide gas is sometimes called 'smell of brimstone'. Hence the association of brimstone with volcanoes is why the Bible describes the destruction of Satanic cities like Sodom and Gomorrah in these words: 'And then God rained brimstone and fire on Sodom and Gomorrah. '


It is also possible that the two cities of Sodom and Gomora were destroyed by the eruption of a volcano, and people have put this memory in the biblical story. And because hell has to be depicted inside a volcano. Therefore it was considered necessary to have 'brimstone and fire' in hell. So when the clergy constantly threaten to send sinful people to hell, they are actually giving them the message of 'brimstone and fire'.


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